ΠΑΛΛΑΝΤΙΟΝ – PALATIUM – ΠΑΛΑΤΙΟΝ – PALACE – PALAZZO – ΠΑΛΑΤΙ
ΠΑΛΛΑΝΤΙΟΝ (PALLANTION) was an ancient city in Arcadia, whose residents colonized and founded the Ancient Rome. Their first settlement was on the cliff, which was named “PALANTION” (now PALATINO).
Roman aristocratic families were proud of their Greek origin. This is why; the Roman Empire Antoninos Pius (2nd century after Christ) released the residents of the Arcadian Pallantion from any form of taxation.
Due to the fact that the royal palace and the aristocratic residences had been built on the hill, the word Palatium started been used with the current meaning for the domicile of the King or any big and luxurious building.
This word returned to the Greek language during the years of Roman (Byzantine) Empire with the new capital “Constantinople” as «Palation» (Παλάτιον). Let’s remember the “Sacred Palation” (Ieron Palation) in Constantinople, meaning the palaces of the King, the Empiror.
Today this word is used in Greek as “Palati”, in parallel with the purely Greek word “anaktoro”.
We should not forget that this word has traveled in most of the European and not only languages like (from Wiktionary):
Classical Syriac: (palātīn)
Georgian: პალატი (ṗalaṭi)
Old Armenian: պալատն (palatn), պաղատն (pałatn), պալատ (palat), պաղատ (pałat)
Armenian: պալատ (palat)
Arabic: بلاط (balāṭ)
French: palace, palais
German: Palast, Pfalz
Portuguese: paço, palácio
Romansh: palaz, palazi, palast
Sardinian: palatzu, palatu, palàtziu
Serbo-Croatian: pàlača, pàlata
Spanish: palacio, pazo
Venetian: pałaso, palaso, palaç
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